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Photo & postcards pre-1917
Item # 56364
1870s REAL CDV PHOTO of ISMAIL PASHA VICEROY OF EGYPT

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1870s REAL CDV PHOTO of ISMAIL PASHA VICEROY OF EGYPT Very good condition. Isma'il Pasha, known as Ismail the Magnificent (1830 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom. Sharing the ambitious outlook of his grandfather, Muhammad Ali Pasha, he greatly modernized Egypt and Sudan during his reign, investing heavily in industrial and economic development, urbanisation, and the expansion of the country's boundaries in Africa. His philosophy can be glimpsed at in a statement that he made in 1879: "My country is no longer in Africa; we are now part of Europe. It is therefore natural for us to abandon our former ways and to adopt a new system adapted to our social conditions". In 1867 he also secured Ottoman and international recognition for his title of Khedive (Viceroy) in preference to Wali (Governor) which was previously used by his predecessors in the Ottoman Eyalet of Egypt and Sudan (15171867). However, Isma'il's policies placed the Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan (18671914) in severe debt, leading to the sale of the country's shares in the Suez Canal Company to the United Kingdom, and his ultimate toppling from power at British hands.

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